Embarking on Multiregional Clinical Trials (MRCT) demands careful consideration to ensure success. In this article, we will delve into five critical aspects of MRCT planning, covering everything from understanding MRCT models to practical strategies for global clinical trials. We'll explore the complexities of going global independently, licensing out, collaborating with multinational corporations, and discuss models like early-phase development and parallel development.

Understanding MRCT Models:

MRCT models vary based on company objectives and product stage. Chinese companies, for instance, often seek overseas connections around Phase II, synchronizing pre-IND and Phase III trials. Pharmacokinetic bridging studies may be necessary to address ethnic differences. Another model involves expanding a product from China to overseas markets, leveraging favorable policies for faster registration.

Planning for Global Clinical Trials:

Choosing between independent global expansion and licensing out requires a careful evaluation of funding, risk, return, and autonomy. Successful collaborations with multinational corporations, such as Legend Biotech and Johnson & Johnson, highlight the significance of clear terminology and strategic planning. Key considerations include market selection, regulatory compliance, and aligning trial designs with international requirements.

Early-Phase Development:

Early Clinical development involves strategic considerations for efficient start of global expansion. Choosing the most optimal location for early-phase trials, such as Australia or China, depends on factors like regulatory efficiency and acceptance by the FDA. Real case studies, like Novotech's Regulatory Consulting project in Australia, demonstrate how global data can accelerate studies across all regions.

Pivotal Trials:

Pivotal trials present unique challenges, with country selection being a crucial first step. Factors like market potential, existing benchmark products, local data requirements, and medical practices impact country choices. A tiered classification system helps prioritize countries based on their suitability for the project. Tailoring strategies to meet company priorities ensures a focused and efficient approach.

Getting Things Ready:

The final section emphasizes the importance of executing study plans, patient recruitment, and effective collaboration. A well-defined Clinical Development Plan is crucial for guiding collaborators and aligning terminologies globally. Global patient recruitment involves engaging with local experts and Key Opinion Leaders. Crafting a detailed Request for Proposal early on streamlines the selection process for Clinical Research Organizations.

Overseas Collaboration:

Practical tips for successful overseas collaboration, addressing challenges like the culture gap. Recommendations include establishing an overseas team, leveraging flexible resourcing models, and focusing on digitization and infrastructure development for smoother collaboration.


Planning and executing Multiregional Clinical Trials demand a comprehensive understanding of diverse models and careful consideration of regional nuances. By navigating these complexities with strategic foresight and adaptability, companies can optimize their global expansion efforts and contribute to the advancement of medical research on an international scale.